What is pruritis ani? Pruritus ani is a bothersome and sometimes intense itching or burning sensation of the skin around the anus rectal opening. It is most noticeable at night or after a bowel movement. The most common complaint is an irresistible urge to scratch. Some people will note occasional bleeding when wiping after a bowel movement.
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Anal itching, or pruritus ani, is a common symptom of a variety of conditions. Most cases of anal itching can be treated at home without needing to see a doctor. We go over the possible causes, along with at-home remedies to relieve itching. The causes of anal itching are often related to skin or internal medical issues. Skin-related causes of an itchy anus include:. Other causes include taking laxatives or other medications that cause diarrhea. Certain foods are also linked with anal itching.
How to ease an itchy bottom yourself
Anal itch, also known as pruritus ani, is an irritating, itchy sensation around the anus the opening through which stool passes out of the body. Anal itch is a symptom, not an illness, and it can have many different causes. In most cases, a person with anal itch does not have a disease of the anus or rectum. Instead, the itchy sensation is a sign that one or more of the following has irritated the skin in the area:. Less often, anal itch is a symptom of some illness or condition that either affects the anal area alone, or involves larger areas of the digestive tract or skin. Some examples include:. Worldwide, anal itch is a very common problem that occurs in up to 45 percent of people at some time during their lives.
Back to Health A to Z. You can often do simple things yourself to ease an itchy bottom anus. See a GP if the itching doesn't stop. An itchy bottom that's worse at night is often caused by threadworms , especially in children. Children under 2, and pregnant and breastfeeding women, can't usually take medicine for threadworms — see your GP, midwife or health visitor instead. A GP will try to work out the cause of your itching. They might need to check your bottom rectal examination. You can also go to a sexual health clinic if you think your itchy bottom might be caused by a sexually transmitted infection STI — for example, if you've had unprotected sex. They can provide the same treatments you would get from a GP.